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Surgical and Obstetrical Critical Care
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Your search returned 89 results
from the time period: last 30 days.
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Medicine
Abstract: The aim of the study was to review the operative experiences of emergency hysterectomy for life-threatening postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) performed over a ... Children's Hospital; to examine the incidence and risk factors for emergency obstetric hysterectomy; and to evaluate the curative effectiveness and safety of ... for life-threatening PPH.The records of all cases of emergency obstetric hysterectomy performed at Fujian Maternity and Children Health Hospital between ...
Postpartum Hemorrhage (2), more mentions
BMJ open
AbstractText: To assess the provision of basic emergency obstetric and newborn care (BEmONC), knowledge of high-risk pregnancies and referral ... of the Averting Maternal Death and Disability needs assessment tool for emergency obstetric and newborn care... deliveries, investments in capacity at health centres are urgently needed Keyword: emergency obstetric and neonatal care.
Maternal Death (1), more mentions
PloS one
AbstractText: Signal functions for emergency obstetric and newborn care (EmONC) are the major interventions for averting maternal and neonatal mortalities. Readiness of the facilities is essential to provide all the basic and comprehensive signal functions for EmONC to ensure emergency services from the designated facilities. The study assessed population coverage and availability of EmONC services in public and private facilities ...
Obstetrics and gynecology
AbstractText: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of common obstetric transfusion preparedness strategies to prevent emergency-release transfusions AbstractText: A decision analytic model compared five commonly used transfusion preparedness strategies in a general obstetric population. Patients were classified as being at low, moderate, or high risk for transfusion. The most prepared strategy used a policy of universal type and screen plus ...
Hemorrhage (1), more mentions
BMJ open
To describe women characteristics, the circumstances in which the interventions took place, the management of the obstetric haemorrhage, the outcome and additional morbidity of these women AbstractText: Nationwide population-based prospective cohort study AbstractText: Emergency obstetric care. Participation of 97% of maternities covering 98.6% of deliveries in Belgium AbstractText: All women who underwent peripartum hysterectomy and/or IR procedures in ...
Uterine Inertia (1), more mentions
World journal of surgery
... the safety and feasibility of the Every Second Matters for Emergency and Essential Surgery-Ketamine (ESM-Ketamine) package for emergency and essential procedures when no anesthetist was available.From November ... 2017, the ESM-Ketamine package was used for patients requiring emergency or life-improving surgeries in fifteen selected facilities across Kenya when no anesthetist was ...
Surgery
We examined national emergency general surgery capacity and county-level determinants of access to emergency general surgery care with special attention to disparities AbstractText: To identify potential emergency general surgery hospitals, we queried the database of the American Hospital Association for "acute care general hospital," with "surgical services," and "emergency department," and ≥1 "operating room." Internet search and direct contact confirmed emergency general surgery ...
The journal of trauma and acute care surgery
Consequently, optimal performance evaluation is not possible for specialties like emergency general surgery (EGS) where nonoperative management is common. We developed a multi-institutional EGS clinical data registry within ACS NSQIP that includes patients managed nonoperatively to evaluate variability in nonoperative care across hospitals and identify gaps in performance assessment that occur when only operative cases are considered AbstractText: Using ...
Appendicitis (4), Cholecystitis (3), Acute Cholecystitis (1), more mentions
PloS one
... for capability were: 13% for general infrastructure, 6% for basic emergency obstetric care, 3% for basic emergency newborn care, 13% and 11% for routine maternal and newborn ... capability criteria were: 51% for general infrastructure, 46% for basic emergency obstetric care, 12% for basic emergency newborn care, 36% and 18% for routine maternal and newborn ...
BMJ open
The effects of early in-bed cycling on reducing the rate of skeletal muscle atrophy, and associations with physical and cognitive function are unknown AbstractText: A single-centre randomised controlled trial in a mixed medical-surgical intensive care unit (ICU) will be conducted. Adult patients (n=68) who are expected to be mechanically ventilated for more than 48 hours and ...
Atrophy (2), Delirium (1), more mentions
Journal of intensive care medicine
BACKGROUND: Respiratory complications are common after cardiac surgery and the use of extracorporeal circulation is one of the main causes of lung injury. We hypothesized a better postoperative respiratory function in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) as compared with "on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting" (ONCABG). METHODS: This is a retrospective, single-center study at a cardiothoracic intensive care unit (ICU) in a tertiary university hospital. Consecutive data on 339 patients undergoing elective CABG (n = 215 ONCABG, n = 124 OPCABG) were collected for 1 year from the ICU electronic medical records. We compared respiratory variables (Pao2, Pao2/Fio2 ratio, Sao2, and Paco2) at 7 predefined time points (ICU admission, postoperative hours 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24). We also evaluated time to extubation, rates of reintubation, and use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV). We used mixed-effects linear regression models (with time as random effect for clustering of repeated measures) adjusted for a predetermined set of covariates. RESULTS: The values of Pao2 and Pao2/Fio2 were significantly higher in the OPCABG group only at ICU admission (mean differences: 9.7 mm Hg, 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.1-16.2; and 27, 95% CI 6.1-47.7, respectively). The OPCABG group showed higher Paco2, overall ( P = .02) and at ICU admission (mean difference 1.8 mm Hg, 95% CI: 0.6-3), although mean values were always within normal range in both groups. No differences were seen in Sao2 values, time to extubation, rate of reintubation rate, and use of postoperative NIV. Extubation rate was higher in OPCABG only at postoperative hour 12 (92% vs ONCABG 82%, P = .02). CONCLUSION: The OPCABG showed only marginal improvements of unlikely clinical meaning in oxygenation as compared to ONCABG in elective low-risk patients.
Lung Injury (1), more mentions
Journal of the American College of Surgeons
Ongoing Evolution of Emergency General Surgery as a Surgical Subspecialty..
The New England journal of medicine 
... transfuse if hemoglobin level was <7.5 g per deciliter, starting from induction of anesthesia) or a liberal red-cell transfusion threshold (transfuse if hemoglobin level was <9.5 g per deciliter in the operating room or intensive care unit [ICU] or was <8.5 g per deciliter in the non-ICU ward.
Myocardial Infarction (2), Kidney Failure (2), more mentions
The American journal of gastroenterology
... 3.5% per year (95% CI: -1.1%, -5.8%), driven by decreasing emergent operations (-10.1% per year (95% CI: -13.4%, -6.7%)) whereas elective surgeries ... are decreasing, but a paradigm shift has occurred whereby elective operations are now more commonly performed than emergent surgeries.Am J Gastroenterol advance online publication, 31 October 2017; doi ...
Immune System Diseases (2), more mentions
World journal of surgery
AbstractText: A paucity of data exists on the impact of transfer status on outcomes for patients undergoing non-emergency (urgent) colorectal surgery. This study characterized transferred patients undergoing urgent colorectal surgery and determined which patient comorbidities significantly contributed to poor outcomes AbstractText: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2012 to 2013 was used.
The Journal of emergency medicine
Massive pulmonary embolism (PE) carries significant morbidity and mortality with current standard of care modalities.We present the case of a 63-year-old male status post abdominal surgery 2 weeks before presenting to the emergency department with a massive pulmonary embolism and subsequent acute cardiopulmonary failure. WHY SHOULD AN EMERGENCY PHYSICIAN BE AWARE OF THIS.
Pulmonary Embolism (4), more mentions
American journal of surgery
BACKGROUND: Preoperative emergency department (ED) visits may reflect the patient's biliary disease, or may signal unstable comorbid conditions that have relevance following inpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy (ILC) and outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy (OLC) in Medicare patients. METHODS: We used the Medicare inpatient and outpatient Limited Datasets to identify elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients from 2011 to 2014. ED visits for 30-days before the surgical event were identified and correlated with the probability of patients returning to the ED in the 30-days following the procedure. RESULTS: A total of 129,377 inpatient and 235,339 outpatient LCs were identified. A total of 20,021 (15.5%) of ILCs and 52,025 (22.1%) of OLCs had 30-day preoperative ED visits. ILCs with any 30-day ED visit preoperatively had an Odds Ratio (OR) that predicted a post-discharge ED visit of 1.85 (95% CI = 1.78-1.92; P < 0.0001). OLCs with any 30-day ED visit preoperatively had an OR for post-discharge ED visit of 1.50 (95% CI = 1.46-1.54; P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Preoperative ED visits predict postdischarge ED visits for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in Medicare patients.
Men's Health (10), more mentions
PeerJ 
... was to investigate and synthesize available evidence relating to the psychological health of Emergency Dispatch Centre (EDC) operatives, and to identify key stressors experienced by EDC operatives AbstractText: Eight electronic databases ... they were published in English, and explored the psychological health of any EDC operatives, across fire, police, and emergency medical services.
Journal of intensive care medicine
... length of stay in the ICU, admission of IMCU patient to ICU, adding two ward beds, and changes in hospital size do not change the superiority of ICU expansion over other scenarios AbstractText: In terms of operational costs, ICU beds are more cost effective for saving patients than IMCU beds.
The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
... intensive care unit and fast-track failure (a composite outcome of prolonged stay in the intensive care unit >48 hours, intensive care unit readmission, and 30-day mortality) after cardiac surgery AbstractText: This was a secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study of 600 consecutive adults undergoing cardiac surgery at a ...
Delirium (10), more mentions
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