INTRODUCTION: Recently the use of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) has increased because of a clinical perception of durable functional outcome. However, some patients unexpectedly have a poor recovery of range of motion (ROM) after surgery. Objective factors such as initial diagnosis, pre- and intra-operative ROM, deltoid impairment or arm lengthening have previously been associated with anterior forward flexion (AFF). This study sought to determine if subjective pre-operative factors influence the rate and timing of ROM recovery after RSA.
METHODS: Between January 2011 to January 2012, all RSAs performed by a single surgeon were prospectively enrolled in this study. The cohort was divided into two groups based on AFF <90 or ≥90 after surgery. A multivariate analysis was performed to define independent predictive factors of post-operative ROM. Factors assessed included: age, sex, dominant arm, patient activity, body mass index (BMI), pre-operative diagnosis, deltoid status, pain and Constant scores, subjective shoulder value (SSV), simple shoulder test (SST) and radiographic findings. Patients were reviewed at six weeks, and three, six, 12 and 24 months.
RESULTS: One hundred and one RSAs were available for analysis. Poor post-operative AFF at six weeks was significantly related to poor pre-operative deltoid strength. Poor post-operative AFF at one-year follow-up was related to surgery of non-dominant arm, pre-operative poor AFF, pre-operative activity, poor subjective shoulder value (SSV), and a low contralateral Constant score. AFF and Constant score improved until six months and then plateaued. In contrast, both external and internal rotation continued to improve beyond six months after surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: AFF and Constant scores after RSA plateau at six months after surgery whereas internal and external rotation continue to improve up to two years post operation. Several pre-operative factors including poor pre-operative AFF, surgery on the non-dominant arm, and lower SSV and Constant scores are correlated with post-operative ROM following RSA. Identification of these factors may be useful for counseling on functional expectations as well as customizing rehabilitation plans.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level II, Prospective Cohort Study, Treatment Study.
... joint must be taken into account when immobilizing a partially torn or repaired thumb ulnar collateral ligament AbstractText: To determine the efficacy of a radial-based thumb MCP-stabilizing orthosis in resisting abduction across the thumb ulnar collateral ligament AbstractText: Ten fresh cadaveric hands were mounted to a custom board.
AbstractText: To illustrate the efficacy liposomal bupivacaine versus interscalene nerve block for painmanagement after total shoulder arthroplasty AbstractText: A systematic search was performed in Medline, PubMed, Embase, ScienceDirect and the Cochrane Library. Data on patients prepared for total shoulder arthroplasty in studies that compared liposomal bupivacaine versus interscalene nerve block were retrieved.
DescriptorName: Nerve Block. DescriptorName: Pain, Postoperative. AbstractText: Postoperative paincontrol after total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) can be challenging. Liposomal bupivacaine and interscalene nerve block are 2 common pain control protocol for TSA patients. However, whether liposomal bupivacaine was superior than interscalene nerve block was unknown. This meta-analysis aimed to illustrate the efficacy liposomal bupivacaine versus interscalene nerve block for ...
... responsiveness of the SPADI and QuickDASH in a single large cohort of patients. Methods Seven hundred sixty-seven patients referred to physicaltherapy with shoulder pain completed the SPADI and QuickDASH at baseline, 6 weeks, and 6 months. Patients who improved (improvers) and those who did not improve (nonimprovers) were defined using a 7-point global rating of change scale.
AbstractText: Shoulder arthroplasty is the fastest growing joint replacement surgery in the United States, and optimal postoperative painmanagement is critical to optimize outcomes for these surgeries. Liposomal bupivacaine (LB) has gained popularity for its potential to provide extended postoperative pain relief with possibly fewer side effects. The goal of this study was to assess the impact of LB compared ...
BACKGROUND: The debate continues regarding the optimal treatment of intercollegiate contact athletes with in-season anterior shoulder instability.
PURPOSE: To examine return to sport and recurrent instability in the season after the index in-season anterior instability event.
STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2.
METHODS: Forty-five contact intercollegiate athletes treated nonoperatively or with arthroscopic stabilization were prospectively followed in a multicenter observational study to evaluate return to play (RTP) and recurrent instability in the season after an initial in-season anterior glenohumeral instability event. Baseline data collection included sport played, previous instability events, direction of instability, type of instability (subluxation or dislocation), and treatment method (nonoperative management or arthroscopic stabilization). All nonoperatively treated athletes underwent a standardized accelerated rehabilitation program without shoulder immobilization. Surgical stabilization was performed arthroscopically in all cases, and successful RTP was evaluated during the next competitive season after complete rehabilitation.
RESULTS: Thirty-nine of 45 intercollegiate contact athletes had remaining National Collegiate Athletic Association eligibility and were followed through the subsequent competitive season after the index instability event. Of the 10 athletes electing nonoperative treatment, 4 (40%) successfully returned to play without recurrence during the subsequent season. Of the 29 athletes treated surgically, 26 (90%) were able to successfully return to play without recurrence the following season (recurrence: n = 1; inadequate function: n = 2). Athletes who underwent surgical reconstruction before the next season were 5.8 times (95% CI, 1.77-18.97; P = .004) more likely to complete the subsequent season without recurrent instability. Of the 29 athletes electing surgical stabilization, there was no difference (risk ratio, 0.95; 95% CI, 0.10-9.24; P > .99) in RTP between the 9 stabilized after a single instability event (90% RTP rate) and the 20 stabilized after multiple in-season recurrent instability events (89% RTP rate).
CONCLUSION: Collegiate contact and collision athletes with in-season anterior shoulder instability are significantly more likely to successfully return to sport without subsequent instability events the next season if they undergo surgical repair in the off-season.
The consolidation of the acromioclavicular (AC) and coracoclavicular (CC) ligament complex after arthroscopically assisted stabilization of acute acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) separation is still under consideration.Fifty-five consecutive patients after arthroscopically assisted double-CC-bundle stabilization within 14 days after acute high-grade ACJ separation were studied prospectively. All patients were clinically analysed preoperatively (FU0) and post-operatively (FU1 = 6 ...
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of preoperative anticoagulation on VTE and bleeding complications in patients with blunt spine fractures requiring operative stabilization AbstractText: All patients with blunt spine fractures requiring operative stabilization over a 6-year period were identified. Patients with a hospital stay less than 48 hours or missing data were excluded.
... atlanto-occipital dislocation were managed by microsurgical reduction, fusion and stabilization of the joint by occipital condylar and C1 lateral mass screw and plate ... fixation after mobilization of vertebral artery.In both cases condylar joints fixation and fusion were done successfully.Condylar jointsstabilization and fusion may be a good /or alternative option for ...
PURPOSE AND HYPOTHESIS: Due to high rate of persisting dynamic posterior translation (DPT) following isolated coracoclavicular double-button technique for reconstruction of the acromioclavicular (AC) joint reported in the literature, an additional acromioclavicular cerclage was added to the procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results of patients with high-grade AC-joint instability treated with a double TightRope technique with an additional percutaneous acromioclavicular cerclage.
METHODS: Fifty-nine patients (6 f/53 m; median age 38.3 (range 21.5-63.4 years) who sustained an acute high-grade AC-joint dislocation (Rockwood type V) were treated using the above-mentioned technique. At the final follow-up, the constant score (CS), the subjective shoulder value (SSV), the Taft score (TF) and the acromioclavicular joint instability score (ACJI) as well as bilateral anteroposterior stress views with 10 kg of axial load and bilateral modified Alexander views were obtained.
RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 26.4 (range 20.3-61.0) months, 34 patients scored a median of 90 (33-100) points in the CS, 90 (25-100) % in the SSV, 11 (4-12) points in the TF and 87 (43-100) points in the ACJI. The coracoclavicular (CC) distance was 12.1 (6.5-19.8) mm and the CC difference 2.0 (0.0-11.0) mm. Two patients (5.8%) showed a complete DPT of the AC joint, and fourteen patients (41.1%) displayed a partial DPT. The overall revision rate was 11.7%. Two patients presented implant irritation, one patient a recurrent instability, and one patient suffered from a local infection.
CONCLUSION: The arthroscopically assisted and image-intensifier-controlled double TightRope technique with an additional percutaneous acromioclavicular cerclage leads to good and excellent clinical results after a follow-up of 2 years. The incidence of persisting dynamic horizontal translation is lower compared to isolated coracoclavicular stabilization. Thus, we recommend using the double TightRope implant with an additional acromioclavicular cerclage.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.
PURPOSE: Even if medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction is a proven method, complications such as implant loosening, patella fractures, recurrent luxations, knee pain or knee stiffness are frequently described. Besides a correct tunnel positioning and implant-specific complications, this might be caused by difficulties with an appropriate graft tensioning. The study presented here is a necessary first step in exploring our technique of a double-limbed, hardware-free MPFL reconstruction, which provides another way to test and adjust the graft tension before permanent fastening.
METHODS: Thirty consecutive patients (m/f = 18/12) with recurrent dislocations were evaluated after a mean follow-up of 24 months. Patients who had additional procedures such as a trochleoplasties, tibial tubercle transfers and derotational osteotomies were not included. Besides a standardized clinical examination, different scorings and possible complications were evaluated.
RESULTS: The mean Kujala score improved significantly from 57 ± 15 to 92 ± 10. The Lysholm and IKDC score increased significantly from 59 ± 11 to 95 ± 6 and from 49 ± 9 to 89 ± 9, respectively. No patient reported a re-dislocation, subluxation or showed a positive apprehension. A total of 23 patients were engaged in regular physical activities. All but one, who lost interest, returned to the same sports. Because some did not follow our recommendation to return to sports after a rehab of at least 10-12 weeks, the period for a return was relatively short (median of 12 weeks, range 3-25 weeks). Four patients reported a moderate anterior knee pain only occurring after increased loads such as longer runs or workouts. One of these showed a slight flexion deficit of less than 20°. A severe motion deficit or stiffness was not noticed.
CONCLUSIONS: Even if a larger, clinical outcome study is needed to ensure the efficacy and safety of our method, it seems to provide a good clinical outcome, a correspondingly high satisfaction and a low incidence of complications. The possibility to adjust graft tension might help in minimizing complications caused by difficulties with an appropriate graft tension.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: IV.