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Top Articles Across Orthopedics
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Your search returned 7 results
from the time period: last 90 days.
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Pain management 
AIM: Transdermal lidocaine therapy has become a gold standard as part of a treatment regimen for patients who suffer from localized pain. We compared transdermal patches: over-the-counter (OTC) lidocaine 3.6% combined with menthol 1.25%, prescription lidocaine 5% (Rx) and placebo. METHODS: In a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 87 patients were randomized to: OTC, Rx or placebo. RESULTS: OTC met primary end points of noninferiority compared with Rx for efficacy, side effects and quality of life. Versus placebo, OTC proved superiority for efficacy, general activity and normal work. Side effects were similar. CONCLUSION: It is theorized that menthol's ability to increase skin permeability facilitated more efficient drug delivery to the site of pain causing higher than expected efficacy. Decreased cost and resource utilization could benefit patients and payers.
Muscular and Skeletal Diseases (3)
Back Pain (2), Arthritis (2), Osteoarthritis (1), more mentions
The Journal of arthroplasty 
... are performed annually in the United States for hip or knee arthroplasty or hip fracture stabilization... of restrictive vs liberal transfusion thresholds on patients having major orthopedic surgery... All involved hip or knee arthroplasty and/or hip fracture patients... and may decrease infections without increasing adverse outcomes in major orthopedic surgery Keyword: hip arthroplasty. Keyword: hip fracture.
Muscular and Skeletal Diseases (6), Immune System Diseases (1)
Infections (3), more mentions
Diabetes care 
We performed a systematic review using criteria recommended by the Cochrane Review of a database that included prospective and retrospective diagnostic studies performed on patients with diabetes in whom there was a clinical suspicion of osteomyelitis of the foot. The preferred reference standard was bone biopsy and subsequent pathological (or microbiological) examination AbstractText: Our review found 6,649 articles; 3 ...
Endocrine Disorders (4)
Diabetic Foot (2), Osteomyelitis (2), Infections (2), more mentions
The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume 
AbstractText: Most midshaft clavicle fractures affect the economically active population, which is negatively impacted by transient limb impairment during the treatment... p = 0.036) AbstractText: This study did not demonstrate a difference in limb function between patients who underwent surgical treatment and those nonsurgically treated for a dislocated midshaft clavicle fracture.
Paresthesia (1), more mentions
The Journal of arthroplasty 
BACKGROUND: Postoperative anemia following elective arthroplasty can lead to prolonged hospital stay and delays in rehabilitation and is often poorly tolerated in patients with cardiovascular disease. Tranexamic acid (TXA) has been shown to reduce perioperative blood loss in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, questions over its optimal route of administration remain. METHODS: A double-blinded, placebo, multicentered, randomized, controlled trial investigating the efficacy of topical and systemic routes of a single intraoperative dose (1.5 g) of TXA was conducted. Patients undergoing primary, unilateral TKA were screened for eligibility. Eligible patients were consecutively enrolled from 5 New Zealand centers between July 2014 and November 2015. Three prospective groups running in parallel (topical TXA [tTXA], systemic TXA [sTXA], and placebo) were investigated for a primary outcome of estimated perioperative blood loss. An intention-to-treat analysis was used to compare outcomes between the study groups (P value <.05). RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-four patients across the 5 hospitals were recruited into the study. Estimated blood loss was equivalent in the 2 treatment groups, sTXA (749 mL [95% confidence interval, 637-860]) and tTXA (723 mL [620-826]). Compared to the placebo group (1090 mL [923-1257]), blood loss was significantly lower in both treatment groups (P = .001 and P = .0003, respectively). There were no significant differences in secondary outcomes, including rates of symptomatic deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (P = .759). CONCLUSION: In the setting of elective TKA, a single 1.5-g dose of tTXA given intraoperatively either systemically or topically effectively reduces blood loss without an increase in complications.
Cardiovascular Diseases (1), Blood Disorders and Hematology (1)
Cardiovascular Diseases (1), Deep Vein Thrombosis (1), Pulmonary Embolism (1), more mentions
The Cochrane database of systematic reviews 
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is associated with enormous personal and societal burdens, especially when it reaches the chronic stage of the disorder (pain for a duration of more than three months). Indeed, individuals who reach the chronic stage tend to show a more persistent course, and they account for the majority of social and economic costs. As a result, there is increasing emphasis on the importance of intervening at the early stages of LBP.According to the biopsychosocial model, LBP is a condition best understood with reference to an interaction of physical, psychological, and social influences. This has led to the development of multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation (MBR) programs that target factors from the different domains, administered by healthcare professionals from different backgrounds.This review is an update of a Cochrane Review on MBR for subacute LBP, which was published in 2003. It is part of a series of reviews on MBR for musculoskeletal pain published by the Cochrane Back and Neck Group and the Cochrane Musculoskeletal Group. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of MBR for subacute LBP (pain for a duration of six to 12 weeks) among adults, with a focus on pain, back-specific disability, and work status. SEARCH METHODS: We searched for relevant trials in any language by a computer-aided search of CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO and two trials registers. Our search is current to 13 July 2016. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of adults with subacute LBP. We included studies that investigated a MBR program compared to any type of control intervention. We defined MBR as an intervention that included a physical component (e.g. pharmacological, physical therapy) in combination with either a psychological, social, or occupational component (or any combination of these). We also required involvement of healthcare professionals from at least two different clinical backgrounds with appropriate training to deliver the component for which they were responsible. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane. In particular, the data extraction and 'risk of bias' assessment were conducted by two people, independently. We used the Cochrane tool to assess risk of bias and the GRADE approach to assess the overall quality of the evidence for each outcome. MAIN RESULTS: We included a total of nine RCTs (981 participants) in this review. Five studies were conducted in Europe and four in North America. Sample sizes ranged from 33 to 351. The mean age across trials ranged between 32.0 and 43.7 years.All included studies were judged as having high risk of performance bias and high risk of detection bias due to lack of blinding, and four of the nine studies suffered from at least one additional source of possible bias.In MBR compared to usual care for subacute LBP, individuals receiving MBR had less pain (four studies with 336 participants; SMD -0.46, 95% CI -0.70 to -0.21, moderate-quality of evidence due to risk of bias) and less disability (three studies with 240 participants; SMD -0.44, 95% CI -0.87 to -0.01, low-quality of evidence due to risk of bias and inconsistency), as well as increased likelihood of return-to-work (three studies with 170 participants; OR 3.19, 95% CI 1.46 to 6.98, very low-quality of evidence due to serious risk of bias and imprecision) and fewer sick leave days (two studies with 210 participants; SMD -0.38 95% CI -0.66 to -0.10, low-quality of evidence due to risk of bias and imprecision) at 12-month follow-up. The effect sizes for pain and disability were low in terms of clinical meaningfulness, whereas effects for work-related outcomes were in the moderate range.However, when comparing MBR to other treatments (i.e. brief intervention with features from a light mobilization program and a graded activity program, functional restoration, brief clinical intervention including education and advice on exercise, and psychological counselling), we found no differences between the groups in terms of pain (two studies with 336 participants; SMD -0.14, 95% CI -0.36 to 0.07, low-quality evidence due to imprecision and risk of bias), functional disability (two studies with 345 participants; SMD -0.03, 95% CI -0.24 to 0.18, low-quality evidence due to imprecision and risk of bias), and time away from work (two studies with 158 participants; SMD -0.25 95% CI -0.98 to 0.47, very low-quality evidence due to serious imprecision, inconsistency and risk of bias). Return-to-work was not reported in any of the studies.Although we looked for adverse events in both comparisons, none of the included studies reported this outcome. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: On average, people with subacute LBP who receive MBR will do better than if they receive usual care, but it is not clear whether they do better than people who receive some other type of treatment. However, the available research provides mainly low to very low-quality evidence, thus additional high-quality trials are needed before we can describe the value of MBP for clinical practice.
Back Pain (3), Acute Pain (1), Musculoskeletal Pain (1), more mentions
The Journal of arthroplasty 
... included Knee Society Score, University of California, Los Angeles, activity score, Patella scores, EQ-5D, 6-minute walk time, and patient satisfaction AbstractText: Complete data were recorded for 98 posterior-stabilized implants and 97 BCS implants. Twelve patients had bilateral knee implants. There was no difference between the groups for any of the measures at either 1 or 2 years.
Muscular and Skeletal Diseases (2)
Osteoarthritis (2), more mentions