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Pituitary Diseases and Tumors
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Your search returned 34 results
from the time period: last 90 days.
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Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry
Pituitary dysfunction is a recognised, but potentially underdiagnosed complication of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Post-traumatic hypopituitarism (PTHP) can have major consequences for patients physically, psychologically, emotionally and socially, leading to reduced quality of life, depression and poor rehabilitation outcome. However, studies on the incidence of PTHP have yielded highly variable findings. The risk factors and pathophysiology of this condition are also not yet fully understood. There is currently no national consensus for the screening and detection of PTHP in patients with TBI, with practice likely varying significantly between centres. In view of this, a guidance development group consisting of expert clinicians involved in the care of patients with TBI, including neurosurgeons, neurologists, neurointensivists and endocrinologists, was convened to formulate national guidance with the aim of facilitating consistency and uniformity in the care of patients with TBI, and ensuring timely detection or exclusion of PTHP where appropriate. This article summarises the current literature on PTHP, and sets out guidance for the screening and management of pituitary dysfunction in adult patients with TBI. It is hoped that future research will lead to more definitive recommendations in the form of guidelines.
Traumatic Brain Injuries (8), Hypopituitarism (2), Inappropriate ADH Syndrome (1), more mentions
Journal of neurosurgery
Keyword: NPV = negative predictive value. Keyword: POMC = pro-opiomelanocortin. Keyword: PPV = positive predictive value. Keyword: ROC = receiver operating characteristic. Keyword: STIR = short tau inversion recovery. Keyword: TR = transverse. Keyword: TSR = transsphenoidal resection. Keyword: UFC = urinary free cortisol. Keyword: YNHH = Yale New Haven Hospital. Keyword: pituitary adenoma. Keyword: pituitary surgery. Keyword: transsphenoidal resection.
Pituitary ACTH Hypersecretion (5), Pituitary Adenoma (2), Neoplasms (2), more mentions
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
DescriptorName: Neoplasm Staging. DescriptorName: Pituitary Neoplasms... AbstractText: Nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are fairly common and require a multidisciplinary approach. Reliable markers of a clinically aggressive course are lacking. Medical treatment is not available, and transsphenoidal surgery is the preferred primary treatment AbstractText: We aimed to characterize the somatostatin, estrogen, and progesterone receptor distribution for NFPAs and compare it with factors ...
Oncology (2)
Neoplasms (6), Adenoma (2), Pituitary Adenoma (2), more mentions
European journal of endocrinology
However, a small subset of pituitary tumours does not respond to standard medical treatment and presents with multiple local recurrences (aggressive pituitary tumours) and in rare occasion with metastases (pituitary carcinoma ... iii) Temozolomide monotherapy is the first line chemotherapy for aggressive pituitary tumours and pituitary carcinomas after failure of standard therapies; treatment evaluation after 3 cycles ...
Oncology (1)
Carcinoma (5), Pituitary Carcinoma (2), more mentions
... adenomas (SGA) in a single institution cohort of surgically treated pituitary adenomas AbstractText: Retrospective analysis of SGHA surgically resected over 10 years ... and SCA control groups in a cohort of surgically resected pituitary adenomas... a complete hormonal staining panel be routinely performed for all pituitary adenomas Keyword: Acromegaly... Keyword: Silent pituitary adenomas.
Pituitary Adenoma (5), Acromegaly (3), Neoplasms (3), more mentions
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
... are at high risk for several types of cancer, but pituitary tumors have not previously been reported AbstractText: A 51-year-old ... carcinoma presented with severe Cushing disease and a locally aggressive pituitary tumor... representing all known cases in Sweden, another two clinically relevant pituitary tumors were found: an invasive nonsecreting macroadenoma and a microprolactinoma (i ...
Oncology (2)
Pituitary Neoplasms (7), Neoplasms (6), Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Neoplasms (2), more mentions
Optical coherence tomography angiography in pituitary tumor..
Pituitary Neoplasms (2), more mentions
... the goal of generate uniform criteria among centers dealing with pituitary tumors and to enhance patient care, the Pituitary Society decided to generate criteria for developing Pituitary Tumors Centers of Excellence (PTCOE) AbstractText: To develop that task, a ... tool to guide improvements of care delivery to patients with pituitary disorders.
Pituitary Neoplasms (3), Acromegaly (1), more mentions
Excellence in the treatment of patients with pituitary tumors..
Pituitary Neoplasms (2), more mentions
The authors report a rare case of bilateral Tolosa-Hunt syndrome, which occurred in a 80-year-old female and remitted spontaneously. Inflammatory lesions were found not only in typical locations, i.e. superior orbital fissures and cavernous sinuses, but also in the pituitary; these imitated gland's macroadenoma in imaging studies.
Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome (2), Pituitary Adenoma (1), more mentions
World neurosurgery
Perioperative complications after transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenomas have been well documented in the literature; however, some complications can occur in a ... incidence of some of these complications is low, providing preoperative counseling to patients with pituitary tumors regarding these delayed complications and proper postoperative follow-up planning is an important part ...
Pituitary Adenoma (2), Epistaxis (2), Hypopituitarism (2), more mentions
Here we review the technical aspects of our experience with the neuroendoscopic bilateral nostril (binostril) transsphenoidal approach for pituitary adenomas... Among the key advantages of the neuroendoscopic binostril transsphenoidal approach for pituitary adenoma resection are its minimally-invasive nature, clear exposure of the operative field, high full-excision rates, improved peri ...
Endocrine Disorders (1)
Pituitary Adenoma (3), Neoplasms (1), Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (1), more mentions
Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology
Silent subtype III pituitary adenomas (SS-3) are clinically nonfunctional adenomas that are more aggressive in terms of invasion and risk of recurrence than their conventional null cell counterparts. We previously showed that these tumors can be distinguished by immunohistochemistry based on the identification of a markedly enlarged and fragmented Golgi apparatus.
Oncology (1)
Adenoma (7), Neoplasms (3), Pituitary Adenoma (2), more mentions
World neurosurgery
Secondly, we analyzed the usefulness of the ellipsoid method in pituitary adenoma volume determination.Two-hundred ninety-four pituitary adenomas, which were surgically treated in our department, were retrospectively analyzed ... method, and the volume measurement obtained with complex planimetry methods.Pituitary adenoma volume and cavernous sinus invasion, graded with the Knosp scale, are two pituitary tumor features which, when used in combination, predict the complexity of ... surgery and the difficulty of achieving gross total resection in pituitary adenoma surgery.
Pituitary Adenoma (8), Neoplasms (3), Pituitary Neoplasms (1), more mentions
International journal of oncology
Pituitary adenomas are a group of tumors arising from the pituitary gland: they may be subdivided in ... and neurotrophic factors in the normal development of pituitary gland and in the progression of pituitary adenomas... growth factors (FGFs) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) which influence the proliferation and growth of pituitary adenomas.
Pituitary Adenoma (4), Neoplasms (2), more mentions
AbstractText: Remission from Cushing disease (CD) after pituitary adenoma resection may be predicted by a postoperative reduction in serum cortisol level... Keyword: Pituitary adenoma surgery.
Pituitary ACTH Hypersecretion (2), Pituitary Adenoma (2), ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma (1), more mentions
Head & neck
AbstractText: Extension of a pituitary adenoma to the oculomotor cistern harbors the risk of oculomotor nerve impairment and further extension ... demonstrated partial recovery in both cases during the 3-month follow-up AbstractText: The pituitary adenoma extending to the oculomotor cistern can be removed under the endoscope... Keyword: pituitary adenoma.
Pituitary Adenoma (4), Oculomotor Nerve Diseases (4), Neoplasms (4), more mentions
... postoperative pituitary hormone levels in patients undergoing surgical resection of pituitary adenoma and to identify factors associated with preoperative hypopituitarism... from 81 patients with histologically confirmed functioning and non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPA) who underwent transsphenoidal resection from January 2011 to December ... In patients with functioning pituitary adenomas, GH and PRL levels declined after the operation; TSH, FSH ...
Pituitary Adenoma (7), Hypopituitarism (5), Prolactinoma (1), more mentions
The Canadian journal of neurological sciences. Le journal canadien des sciences neurologiques
AbstractText: The concomitant presence of pituitary adenoma (PA) with Rathke's cleft cyst (RCC) is rare, and most of the literature published is ... Of the PA subtypes available, five patients had nonfunctional pituitary adenomas, three had multiple-hormone secreting PAs, three had prolactin-producing adenomas, and one had a ... Keyword: pituitary adenoma.
Pituitary Adenoma (4), Rathke Cleft Cysts (2), Adenoma (2), more mentions
Neurosurgical review
Abstract: Multiple pituitary adenomas are rare. We present a quite unique case of double pituitary adenomas associated with persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) treated by endoscopic surgery ... We observed an extremely rare case of double pituitary adenomas associated with PTA... modern endoscopic surgery are valuable to confirm diagnosis of double pituitary adenomas and identify anatomical localization of PTA Keyword: Coexistence case.
Pituitary Adenoma (6), Neoplasms (2), Acromegaly (1), more mentions
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