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Anesthetic Pharmacology
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Your search returned 5 results
from the time period: last 30 days.
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Anesthesiology
... CI, 4.4 to 8.0 μM) to 36 μM (95% CI, 17 to 78 μM) without affecting the maximal response obtained at high propofol concentrations.Naphthalene-etomidate is a very low-efficacy etomidate analog that exhibits the pharmacology of an anesthetic competitive antagonist at the γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor.
Clinical & experimental metastasis
Cancer, currently the leading cause of death in the population aged less than 85 years, poses a significant global disease burden and is anticipated to continue to increase in incidence in both developed and developing nations. A substantial proportion of cancers are amenable to surgery, with more than 60% of patients undergoing tumour resection. Up to 80% of patients will receive anaesthesia for diagnostic, therapeutic or palliative intervention. Alarmingly, retrospective studies have implicated surgical stress in disease progression that is predominantly characterised by metastatic disease-the primary cause of cancer-associated mortality. Our understanding of the mechanisms of surgical stress and impact of perioperative interventions is, however, far from complete. Accumulating evidence from preclinical studies suggests that adrenergic-inflammatory pathways may contribute to cancer progression. Importantly, these pathways are amenable to modulation by adapting surgical (e.g. minimally invasive surgery) and anaesthetic technique (e.g. general vs. neuraxial anaesthesia). Disturbingly, drugs used for general anaesthesia (e.g. inhalational vs. intravenous anaesthesia and potentially opioid analgesia) may also affect behaviour of tumour cells and immune cells, suggesting that choice of anaesthetic agent may also be linked to adverse long-term cancer outcomes. Critically, current clinical practice guidelines on the use of anaesthetic techniques, anaesthetic agents and perioperative adjuvants (e.g. anti-inflammatory drugs) during cancer surgery do not take into account their potential effect on cancer outcomes due to a lack of robust prospective data. To help address this gap, we provide an up-to-date review of current clinical evidence supporting or refuting the role of perioperative stress, anaesthetic techniques and anaesthetic agents in cancer progression and review pre-clinical studies that provide insights into biological mechanisms.
Oncology (9)
Neoplasms (8), more mentions
3. Understanding Infusion Pumps.  
Date: 08/31/2017
Anesthesia and analgesia
Infusion systems are complicated electromechanical systems that are used to deliver anesthetic drugs with moderate precision. Four types of systems are described-gravity feed, in-line piston, peristaltic, and syringe. These systems are subject to a number of failure modes-occlusion, disconnection, siphoning, infiltration, and air bubbles. The relative advantages of the various systems and some of the monitoring capabilities ...
PloS one
... neurological damage AbstractText: Evaluate the main EEG patterns seen in patients with impaired consciousness and address the effect of treatment with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), continuous intravenous anesthetic drugs (IVADs), or the combination of both, on outcomes AbstractText: This was a single center retrospective cohort study conducted in a private, tertiary ...
Seizures (2), Altered Level of Consciousness (1), more mentions
Anesthesia and analgesia
... cognitive recovery from general anesthesia AbstractText: The data acquired in this project will have both clinical and theoretical relevance regardless of the outcome by delineating the mechanism behind short-term recovery across the adult age lifespan, which will have major implications for our understanding of the effects of anesthetic drugs.
Neuroscience (2)
Delirium (1), more mentions