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Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention
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Your search returned 17 results
from the time period: last 30 days.
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... update the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for thyroid cancer AbstractText: The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on the benefits and harms of screening for thyroid cancer in asymptomatic adults, the diagnostic accuracy of screening (including neck ... and ultrasound), and the benefits and harms of treatment of screen-detected thyroid cancer AbstractText: The USPSTF found inadequate direct evidence on the benefits ...
Oncology (12)
Thyroid Carcinoma (11), Neoplasms (2), more mentions
AbstractText: The incidence of detected thyroid cancer cases has been increasing in the United States since 1975 ... To systematically review the benefits and harms associated with thyroid cancer screening and treatment of early thyroid cancer in asymptomatic adults to ... and mortality, test accuracy to detect thyroid nodules or thyroid cancer, and harms resulting from screening (including overdiagnosis) or treatment of thyroid cancer AbstractText: Of 10 ...
Oncology (11)
Thyroid Carcinoma (11), Thyroid Nodule (2), Hypoparathyroidism (1), more mentions
Annals of internal medicine 
Background: Interval colorectal cancer (CRC) accounts for 3% to 8% of all cases of CRC in the United States. Data on interval CRC by race/ethnicity are scant. Objective: To examine whether risk for interval CRC among Medicare patients differs by race/ethnicity and whether this potential variation is accounted for by differences in the quality of colonoscopy, as measured by physicians' polyp detection rate (PDR). Design: Population-based cohort study. Setting: Medicare program. Participants: Patients aged 66 to 75 years who received colonoscopy between 2002 and 2011 and were followed through 2013. Measurements: Kaplan-Meier curves and adjusted Cox models were used to estimate cumulative probabilities and hazard ratios (HRs) of interval CRC, defined as a CRC diagnosis 6 to 59 months after colonoscopy. Results: There were 2735 cases of interval CRC identified over 235 146 person-years of follow-up. A higher proportion of black persons (52.8%) than white persons (46.2%) received colonoscopy from physicians with a lower PDR. This rate was significantly associated with interval CRC risk. The probability of interval CRC by the end of follow-up was 7.1% in black persons and 5.8% in white persons. Compared with white persons, black persons had significantly higher risk for interval CRC (HR, 1.31 [95% CI, 1.13 to 1.51]); the disparity was more pronounced for cancer of the rectum (HR, 1.70 [CI, 1.25 to 2.31]) and distal colon (HR, 1.45 [CI, 1.00 to 2.11]) than for cancer of the proximal colon (HR, 1.17 [CI, 0.96 to 1.42]). Adjustment for PDR did not alter HRs by race/ethnicity, but differences between black persons and white persons were greater among physicians with higher PDRs. Limitation: Colonoscopy and polypectomy were identified by using billing codes. Conclusion: Among elderly Medicare enrollees, the risk for interval CRC was higher in black persons than in white persons; the difference was more pronounced for cancer of the distal colon and rectum and for physicians with higher PDRs. Primary Funding Source: American Cancer Society.
Oncology (17)
Neoplasms (3), Colorectal Neoplasms (2), Rectal Neoplasms (1), more mentions
The Lancet. Oncology 
AbstractText: Removal of adenomas reduces colorectal cancer incidence and mortality; however, the benefit of surveillance colonoscopy on colorectal ... We examined heterogeneity in colorectal cancer incidence in intermediate-risk patients and the effect of surveillance on colorectal cancer incidence AbstractText: We did this retrospective, multicentre, cohort study using routine ... We estimated colorectal cancer incidence and standardised incidence ratios (SIRs) using as standard the general population of England ...
Oncology (12)
Colorectal Neoplasms (11), Adenoma (6), Polyps (3), more mentions
5. Thyroid cancer screening.  
Date: 05/23/2017
Lancet (London, England) 
Thyroid cancer screening..
Oncology (2)
Thyroid Carcinoma (2), more mentions
The Lancet. Oncology 
AbstractText: In England, participation in breast cancer screening has been decreasing in the past 10 years, approaching the ... the NHSBSP in England who were invited for routine breast cancer screening were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive an invitation to ... The primary endpoint was participation (ie, attendance at breast cancer screening) within 90 days of the date of the first offered ...
Oncology (6)
Breast Neoplasms (5), Neoplasms (1), more mentions
JAMA internal medicine 
AbstractText: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is underused, especially among vulnerable populations. Decision aids and patient navigation are potentially complementary interventions for improving CRC screening rates, but their combined effect on screening completion is unknown AbstractText: To determine the combined effect of a CRC screening decision aid and patient navigation compared with usual care on CRC screening completion AbstractText: In this ...
Oncology (12)
Colorectal Neoplasms (2), more mentions
JAMA internal medicine 
Cancer Screening, Overdiagnosis, and Regulatory Capture..
Oncology (2)
Neoplasms (2), more mentions
American journal of preventive medicine 
... at special risk AbstractText: Authors examined the most recent cervical cancer incidence data from two federal cancer surveillance programs for all women by age and race, corrected ... test was >5 years ago (not recently screened) AbstractText: The incidence rate for cervical cancer among older women, corrected for hysterectomy status, did not decline ...
Oncology (7)
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms (6), Neoplasms (1), more mentions
The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners 
... explored in a primary care context AbstractText: To examine the incidence of cancer in a cohort of patients with thrombocytosis, to determine how ... Datalink data from 2000 to 2013 AbstractText: The 1-year incidence of cancer was compared between two cohorts: 40 000 patients aged ≥40 ... a risk marker of cancer in adults; 11.6% and 6.2% cancer incidence in males and females, respectively, is worthy of further investigation ...
Oncology (15)
Neoplasms (13), Thrombocytosis (11), Colorectal Neoplasms (2), more mentions
JAMA oncology 
Declining Incidence Rates of Prostate Cancer in the United States: Is This Good News or Not?.
Oncology (2)
Prostatic Neoplasms (2), more mentions
... The EQI was linked to county-level annual age-adjusted cancer incidence rates from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program ... best environmental quality for overall EQI, all-site county-level cancer incidence rate was positively associated with poor environmental quality overall (IRD ... 95% CI, 20.47-40.21) subjects, indicating a potential increase in cancer incidence with decreasing environmental quality.
Oncology (13)
Neoplasms (12), Breast Neoplasms (1), more mentions
Journal of medical screening 
Abstract: Objectives In examining informed choice in cancer screening, we investigated public awareness that some screening programmes aim to prevent cancer, while others seek to detect cancer at an early stage ... the purpose of early detection screening is high, awareness that screening can prevent cancer is low across all demographic groups... may be indicative of a broader public scepticism about the preventability of cancer Keyword: Cancer screening.
Oncology (12)
Neoplasms (11), Colorectal Neoplasms (1), more mentions
JAMA otolaryngology-- head & neck surgery 
The USPSTF Recommendation on Thyroid Cancer Screening: Don't "Check Your Neck"..
Oncology (2)
Thyroid Carcinoma (2), more mentions
JAMA oncology 
Will Machine Learning Tip the Balance in Breast Cancer Screening?.
Oncology (2)
Breast Neoplasms (2), more mentions
BACKGROUND: To investigate uniformly successful results from a statewide program of patient navigation (PN) for colonoscopy, this comparison study evaluated the effectiveness of the PN intervention by comparing outcomes for navigated versus non-navigated patients in one of the community health clinics included in the statewide program. Outcomes measured included screening completion, adequacy of bowel preparation, missed appointments and cancellations, communication of test results, and consistency of follow-up recommendations with clinical guidelines. METHODS: The authors compared a subset of 131 patients who were navigated to a screening or surveillance colonoscopy with a similar subset of 75 non-navigated patients at one endoscopy clinic. The prevalence and prevalence odds ratios were computed to measure the association between PN and each study outcome measure. RESULTS: Patients in the PN intervention group were 11.2 times more likely to complete colonoscopy than control patients (96.2% vs 69.3%; P<.001), and were 5.9 times more likely to have adequate bowel preparation (P =.010). In addition, intervention patients had no missed appointments compared with 15.6% of control patients, and were 24.8 times more likely to not have a cancellation <24 hours before their appointment (P<.001). All navigated patients and their primary care providers received test results, and all follow-up recommendations were consistent with clinical guidelines compared with 82.4% of patients in the control group (P<.001). CONCLUSIONS: PN appears to be effective for improving colonoscopy screening completion and quality in the disparate populations most in need of intervention. To the best of our knowledge, the results of the current study demonstrate some of the strongest evidence for the effectiveness of PN to date, and highlight its value for public health. Cancer 2017. © 2017 American Cancer Society.
Oncology (3)
Neoplasms (2), Colorectal Neoplasms (1), more mentions
Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR 
... this study was to investigate the natural history of untreated screen-detected breast cancer AbstractText: A prospective cohort survey of Society of Breast Imaging ... fellows concerning the appearance on subsequent mammography of untreated breast cancer detected on screening mammography was conducted AbstractText: A representative sample of the 108 ... Among all practices, 25,281 screen-detected invasive breast cancers and 9,360 cases of screen-detected ductal carcinoma in ...
Oncology (6)
Breast Neoplasms (6), Noninfiltrating Intraductal Carcinoma (2), more mentions