We used unbiased metagenomic next-generation sequencing to diagnose a fatal case of meningoencephalitis caused by St. Louis encephalitis virus in a patient from California in September 2016. This case is associated with the recent 2015-2016 reemergence of this virus in the southwestern United States..
St. Louis Encephalitis (2), Infections (1), Meningoencephalitis (1), more mentions
AbstractText: Using a large-scale population-based study, we aimed to assess prevalence and patterns of presentation of neurocysticercosis (NCC) and its relationship with epilepsy in community-dwellers aged ≥20 years living in Atahualpa (rural Ecuador) AbstractText: In a three-phase epidemiological study, individuals with suspected seizures were ... Keyword: Neurocysticercosis.
Neurological and Central Nervous System Diseases (10) Epilepsy (10), Neurocysticercosis (3), Cysticercosis (1), more mentions
... regions and the reemergence of opportunistic organisms in immunocompromised patients pose increasing challenges to healthcare professionals. Since rapid diagnosis and treatment may prevent long-term neurologic sequelae, providers should approach these diseases with a structured, neuroanatomic framework, incorporating a thorough history, exam, laboratory analysis, and neuroimaging in their clinical reasoning and decision-making Keyword: encephalitis. Keyword: meningitis. Keyword: mononeuritis multiplex.
DescriptorName: Poliomyelitis... World Health Organization (WHO) coordinates global laboratory surveillance of vaccine-preventable diseases (VPDs), including polio, measles and rubella, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, rotavirus, and invasive bacterial diseases... the WHO-coordinated laboratory networks supporting VPD surveillance and present a plan for the further development of these networks Keyword: Japanese encephalitis.
Vaccines (3) Measles (4), Rubella (4), Poliomyelitis (4), more mentions
... global health problem, with an estimated 10.4 million cases and 1.8 million deaths resulting from the disease in 2015. The most lethal and disabling form of tuberculosis is tuberculous meningitis (TBM), for which more than 100,000 new cases are estimated to occur per year. In patients who are co-infected with HIV-1, TBM has a mortality approaching 50.
During early 2017, we conducted a seroepidemiologic investigation for tickborne encephalitis virus among 291 Japan Self-Defense Forces members in Hokkaido. Two (0.7%) tested positive. Neither had clinically apparent symptoms after removing ticks..
Recent discoveries of the glymphatic system and of meningeal lymphatic vessels have generated a lot of excitement, along with ... We also describe the recently characterized meningeal lymphatic vessels and their role in drainage of the brain ... CNS-derived molecules, and immune cells from the CNS and meninges to the peripheral (CNS-draining) lymph nodes.
AbstractText: In anti-NMDA receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis, antibody-mediated dysfunction of NMDARs causes severe neuropsychiatric symptoms, including ... this observational study, we recruited 43 patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis from a tertiary university hospital and 43 age-matched and ... pattern of whole-brain functional connectivity alterations in anti-NMDAR encephalitis that is well suited to explain the major clinical symptoms ...
Neuroscience (2), Neurological and Central Nervous System Diseases (1) Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptor Encephalitis (3), Schizophrenia (2), Movement Disorders (1), more mentions
DescriptorName: Humans. DescriptorName: Measles. DescriptorName: Poliomyelitis. DescriptorName: Public Health Surveillance. DescriptorName: Rubella. Abstract: The Global Certification Commission (GCC), Regional Certification Commissions (RCCs), and National Certification Committees (NCCs) provide a framework of independent bodies to assist the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in certifying and maintaining polio eradication in a standardized, ongoing, and credible manner.
DescriptorName: Global Health. DescriptorName: Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice. DescriptorName: Humans. DescriptorName: Immunization Programs. DescriptorName: Poliomyelitis. DescriptorName: Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral. DescriptorName: Social Behavior. DescriptorName: Social Change. Abstract: Today, acceptance of oral polio vaccine is the highest ever. Reaching this level of acceptance has depended on decades of engaging with communities, building trust amid extraordinary social contexts, and responding to the complex ...
DescriptorName: Global Health. DescriptorName: Humans. DescriptorName: Poliomyelitis. DescriptorName: Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral. DescriptorName: Public Health Surveillance. Abstract: The phased withdrawal of oral polio vaccine (OPV) associated with the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan 2013-2018 began with the synchronized global replacement of trivalent OPV (tOPV) with bivalent OPV (bOPV) during April - May 2016, a transition referred to as the "switch ...
CitationSubset: AIM. CitationSubset: IM. DescriptorName: Humans. DescriptorName: Medical Waste Disposal. DescriptorName: Poliomyelitis. DescriptorName: Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral. DescriptorName: Sterilization. DescriptorName: Waste Management. Abstract: Until recently, waste management for national immunization programs was limited to sharps waste, empty vaccine vials, or vaccines that had expired or were no longer usable. However, because wild-type 2 poliovirus has been eradicated, the World Health ...
DescriptorName: India. DescriptorName: Nepal. DescriptorName: Nigeria. DescriptorName: Paralysis. DescriptorName: Poliomyelitis. DescriptorName: Poliovirus. DescriptorName: Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral. DescriptorName: Public Health Surveillance. Abstract: Surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a fundamental cornerstone of the global polio eradication initiative (GPEI. Active surveillance (with visits to health facilities) is a critical strategy of AFP surveillance systems for highly sensitive and timely detection of ...
Vaccines (4) Paralysis (3), Poliomyelitis (3), Measles (1), more mentions
DescriptorName: Humans. DescriptorName: Immunization Programs. DescriptorName: Poliomyelitis. Abstract: The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) has been in operation since 1988, now spends $1 billion annually, and operates through thousands of staff and millions of volunteers in dozens of countries. It has brought polio to the brink of eradication. After eradication is achieved, what should happen to the substantial assets, capabilities ...
DescriptorName: Global Health. DescriptorName: Humans. DescriptorName: Poliomyelitis. DescriptorName: Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral. Abstract: Eliminating the risk of polio from vaccine-derived polioviruses is essential for creating a polio-free world, and eliminating that risk will require stopping use of all oral polio vaccines (OPVs) once all types of wild polioviruses have been eradicated.