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Dementias and other Cognitive Disorders
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Dementia is the loss, usually progressive, of cognitive and intellectual functions, without impairment of perception of consciousness; caused by a variety of disorders, (structural or degenerative) but most commonly associated with structural brain disease. Characterized by disorientation, impaired memory, judgement, and intellect, and a shallow labile affect. From Stedman's Online Medical Dictionary

Your search returned 23 results
from the time period: last 30 days.
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Neurology
... 1 participant aged ≥20 years without a history of PKD, dementia, or PD was selected from the comparison cohort... calculated using logistic regression AbstractText: The incidence density rates of dementia were 4.31 and 2.50 per 1,000 person-years in ... Regarding the risk of different dementia subtypes, including AD and vascular dementia (VaD), the aHR for AD and presenile dementia was 2.71 (95% CI 1.08-6.75) and that for VaD ...
Neuroscience (7), Kidney Disease (2)
Dementia (5), Neurodegenerative Diseases (2), Polycystic Kidney Diseases (2), more mentions
The Journal of neuropsychiatry and clinical neurosciences 
Psychotropic drugs such as neuroleptics are not recommended for routine use in delirium. They are best reserved for treating dangerous or distressing symptoms, including severe agitation, psychosis, or emotional lability. Challenging these 10 misconceptions stands to improve patient care, quality of life, and clinical outcomes substantially Keyword: Cognitive Disorders... Keyword: Dementia. Keyword: Diagnosis and Classification in Neuropsychiatry. Keyword: Geriatric Neuropsychiatry.
Neuroscience (1)
Delirium (15), Psychotic Disorders (1), Dementia (1), more mentions
Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 
... determine the unadjusted and adjusted risks of AD and of dementia from ADT... to 0.99) and had only a miniscule (1%) risk of dementia (SHR, 1.01; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.02); patients treated with ... to AD (SHR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.23 to 1.24) or dementia (SHR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.25 to 1.26.
Neuroscience (9), Oncology (5)
Dementia (7), Prostatic Neoplasms (3), Alzheimer Disease (2), more mentions
Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.)
AbstractText: US-based studies have reported that older blacks perform worse than older whites on cognitive tests and have higher risk of Alzheimer disease dementia (AD. It is unclear whether these findings reflect differences in cognitive decline AbstractText: The Chicago Health and Aging Project followed individuals, 65+ years old (64% black, 36% white), for up to 18 years.
Neuroscience (3)
Alzheimer Disease (2), Dementia (2), more mentions
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 
... cerebral amyloid angiopathy is particularly important when planning to start or restart anticoagulation after an intracerebral hemorrhage. Given the lack of randomized trial data to guide management strategies, we discuss a heart-brain team approach that includes clinician-patient shared decision making for the use of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic approaches to diminish stroke risk Keyword: Alzheimer’s dementia. Keyword: atrial fibrillation.
Cardiovascular Diseases (4), Neuroscience (1)
Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy (6), Atrial Fibrillation (4), Cerebral Hemorrhage (2), more mentions
Current opinion in neurology
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Category-specific impairments caused by brain damage can provide important insights into how semantic concepts are organized in the brain. Recent research has demonstrated that disease to sensory and motor cortices can impair perceptual feature knowledge important to the representation of semantic concepts. This evidence supports the grounded cognition theory of semantics, the view that lexical knowledge is partially grounded in perceptual experience and that sensory and motor regions support semantic representations. Less well understood, however, is how heteromodal semantic hubs work to integrate and process semantic information. RECENT FINDINGS: Although the majority of semantic research to date has focused on how sensory cortical areas are important for the representation of semantic features, new research explores how semantic memory is affected by neurodegeneration in regions important for semantic processing. Here, we review studies that demonstrate impairments to abstract noun knowledge in behavioural variant frontotemporal degeneration (bvFTD) and to action verb knowledge in Parkinson's disease, and discuss how these deficits relate to disease of the semantic selection network. SUMMARY: Findings demonstrate that semantic selection processes are supported by the left inferior frontal gyrus (LIFG) and basal ganglia, and that disease to these regions in bvFTD and Parkinson's disease can lead to categorical impairments for abstract nouns and action verbs, respectively.
Neurological and Central Nervous System Diseases (3), Neuroscience (2)
Parkinson Disease (3), Frontotemporal Dementia (1), more mentions
Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
Improving Detection of HIV-Associated Cognitive Impairment: Comparison of the International HIV Dementia Scale and a Brief Screening Battery: Erratum..
Neuroscience (2)
AIDS Dementia Complex (2), more mentions
Neurology
... magnesium levels are associated with the risk of all-cause dementia and Alzheimer disease.Within the prospective population-based Rotterdam Study ... measured serum magnesium levels in 9,569 participants, free from dementia at baseline (1997-2008... 0.90 mmol/L) were associated with an increased risk of dementia (hazard ratio [HR] 1.32, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-1.69 ...
Neuroscience (8)
Dementia (8), Alzheimer Disease (1), more mentions
Stroke
... is associated with white matter abnormalities or risk of clinical dementia in older people (n=126; mean age 86.4, SD: 7.7 ... histological lesions, increased fibrinogen was related to increased risk of dementia (odds ratio, 2.26; 95% confidence interval, 1.25-4.08; P=0.007 ... older people and that this may be related to clinical dementia risk, additional to standard MRI biomarkers Keyword: dementia.
Neuroscience (6)
Dementia (6), Leukoaraiosis (1), more mentions
Neurology
... reading frame 72 repeat expansion (C9orf72RE) AbstractText: Presymptomatic C9orf72RE carriers (n = 18) and first-degree family members without a pathogenic expansion (healthy controls [HC], n = 15) underwent a standardized protocol of neuropsychological tests, T1-weighted MRI, and diffusion tensor imaging within our cohort study of autosomal dominant frontotemporal dementia (FTD.
Neuroscience (2), Neurological and Central Nervous System Diseases (1)
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (1), Frontotemporal Dementia (1), more mentions
Alzheimer's & dementia : the journal of the Alzheimer's Association 
AbstractText: A fall in hospital deaths in dementia has been interpreted as indicating an improvement in end-of-life care... AbstractText: ED attendance in the last year of life for people with dementia is common and is increasing... of poor end-of-life care alongside the place of death Keyword: Dementia.
Neuroscience (4), Men's Health (4)
Dementia (4), more mentions
Current opinion in neurology
... in the coming years, relevant to advanced clinical approaches to dementia diagnosis, drug trials, and treatment strategies and discuss their advantages ... molecular neuroimaging studies in the evaluation of patients with suspected dementia, the impact of functional neuroimaging has increased considerably these last ... been integrated into many clinical guidelines in the field of dementia.
Neuroscience (5), Oncology (1)
Dementia (4), Amyloid Plaques (1), Alzheimer Disease (1), more mentions
Neurology
Teaching NeuroImages: Early-onset dementia and demyelinating neuropathy disclosing cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis..
Neuroscience (2)
Dementia (2), Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis (2), more mentions
Stroke
Correction to: Effect of Long-Term Vascular Care on Progression of Cerebrovascular Lesions: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Substudy of the PreDIVA Trial (Prevention of Dementia by Intensive Vascular Care)..
Neuroscience (2)
Dementia (2), more mentions
Journal of the American Medical Directors Association 
... unclear whether taking antidepressants before or after a diagnosis of dementia influences survival AbstractText: Retrospective AbstractText: A cohort with a diagnosis ... of Alzheimer disease (AD) from a large mental health and dementia care database in South London, linked to hospitalization and mortality data AbstractText: Mild dementia (Mini-Mental State Examination ≥18/30) at the point of ...
Neuroscience (11)
Dementia (10), Alzheimer Disease (2), more mentions
British journal of anaesthesia 
... delirium (POD) in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia, and the association between POD and subsequent development of MCI or dementia in cognitively normal elderly patients AbstractText: Patients ≥65 yr of ... of POD was higher in patients with pre-existing MCI/dementia compared with no MCI/dementia {8.7 vs 2.6%; odds ratio (OR) 2.53, [95% confidence interval ...
Neuroscience (15)
Dementia (12), Delirium (5), Mild Cognitive Impairment (3), more mentions
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 
... the disease but also to discriminate between different types of dementia to provide the appropriate management and treatment... Segregation of AD from dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB; n = 34) was achieved with 90 ... Other neurodegenerative diseases, such as frontotemporal dementia (FTD; n = 30), Parkinson's disease (PD; n = 32), and progressive ...
Neuroscience (6), Neurological and Central Nervous System Diseases (1)
Alzheimer Disease (3), Dementia (3), Neurodegenerative Diseases (3), more mentions
Anesthesiology
We hypothesized that unrecognized cognitive impairment in patients without a history of dementia is a risk factor for development of postoperative complications AbstractText: We enrolled 211 patients 65 yr of age or older without a diagnosis of dementia who were scheduled for an elective hip or knee replacement. Patients were cognitively screened preoperatively using the Mini-Cog and demographic, medical ...
Neuroscience (2), Muscular and Skeletal Diseases (2)
Delirium (3), Dementia (2), more mentions
Stroke 
Advances in our understanding of the role of cardiovascular risks have shown them to be closely associated with cognitive impairment and dementia. Because many cardiovascular risks are modifiable, it may be possible to maintain brain health and to prevent dementia in later life. The purpose of this American Heart Association (AHA)/American Stroke Association presidential advisory is to provide an ...
Neuroscience (3), Neurological and Central Nervous System Diseases (1), Cardiovascular Diseases (1)
Stroke (6), Dementia (2), Cardiovascular Diseases (1), more mentions
Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry 
... develops; without this information, the use of these treatments may be unnecessarily restricted. Our understanding of the clinical and radiological spectrum of CAA has continued to evolve, and there are new insights into the independent impact that CAA has on cognition in the context of ageing and intracerebral haemorrhage, as well as in Alzheimer's and other dementias... Keyword: vascular dementia.
Neuroscience (3), Cardiovascular Diseases (2), Neurological and Central Nervous System Diseases (1)
Alzheimer Disease (2), Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy (2), Vascular Dementia (1), more mentions
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